Cequence Reveals Love Bots are on the Loose

New research uncovers scammers are infiltrating dating apps with more than 660 million bot requests detected in 2023

William Glazier, Director of Threat Research at Cequence

Cequence Security today released new research that found scammers are increasingly active on dating apps, attempting to manipulate and exploit users for financial gain. These deceptive individuals pose as genuine romantic interests, building emotional connections before attempting to extract money from unsuspecting individuals.

Developed by the Cequence CQ Prime Threat Research Team, the report analysed anonymised 2023 traffic and attack data across multiple customers in the dating and media vertical across all geographies. The CQ Prime team identified and categorised active threats, and the resulting threat intelligence is a foundational element of Cequence products that enable mitigation and blocking to protect customers’ businesses.

 Key findings include:

  • 58% of all detected bot activity in 2023 originated from the U.S., up from 48% in 2021.
  • 28% of transactions were spoofing an iPhone app.
  • In 2023, more than 660 million bot requests on popular dating apps were detected.
  • More than 12 million unique accounts were protected from account takeovers.

“This Valentine’s Day, love is in the air, but so are scammers targeting lonely hearts on dating apps and looking for ways to extort money,” said William Glazier, Director of Threat Research at Cequence. “Thanks to the recent advancements in AI, bad actors are now leaning on automation to scale their operations, increasingly exploiting APIs to get the accounts they need to continue their scams. While legitimate end users should always watch for red flags, organisations that develop and manage the social and dating applications where these scams occur must take the appropriate measures to curb this malicious activity.”

According to the FTC, victims falling prey to the preferred falsehoods of scammers resulted in a substantial financial loss of $1.3 billion in 2022 alone. Bots serve as the linchpin for scammers, providing the means to scale their operations. Through the efficiency of automation, these perpetrators intensify their efforts, significantly elevating the likelihood of successful exploits.

“To combat romance fraudsters, dating sites and apps must find the perfect, long-term match to help protect their users from automated attacks,” Glazier continued. “These organisations must adopt a holistic security strategy that protects their APIs at every lifecycle phase. This means treating API security and bot management as interconnected challenges, not separate issues solved by isolated teams. This combined approach involves identifying and registering all APIs, ensuring rigorous adherence to industry standards, and deploying advanced threat detection and mitigation tools to defend against attacks.”

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